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TN, IPS, OLED: what are the matrix of monitors and laptops

TN, IPS, OLED Johannes Röll Visitors: 153

There are no outright outsiders here: each type has its own advantages. We study to understand which one is rightfor you.

 

TN, IPS, OLED: what are the matrix of monitors and laptops

 

Modern monitors have many characteristics, but most of the parameters depend on the matrix. Therefore, first of all, you need to decide what you need: VA, IPS, TN or OLED. Each type is suitable for specific tasks.

 

TFT TN

 

The simplest and most affordable technology today. She stood at the origins of the creation of liquid crystaldisplays, and therefore has the most primitive technical characteristics. But this is also a plus: TFT monitors areinexpensive, so you can quite afford a large diagonal.

 

But don’t think TN is something outdated. One of the main advantages of such matrices is a very short responsetime. In modern models, this is less than 1 millisecond. ...

 

The first high-frequency monitors were also TN. So it is not surprising that in many gaming assemblies, the PC isequipped with a TN-matrix. Now both IPS and VA can boast high refresh rates, but, again, they are more expensivethan similar TN.

 

Benefits

Low cost

Fast response time

High refresh rate

disadvantages

Poor color rendering

Small viewing angles

 

IPS

 

Direct heir to the original TFT technology. Its alternative name is SFT, which stands for Super Fine TFT. Literallytranslated into Russian - very good TFT.

 

This type of matrix is  much more progressive than TFT TN. Monitors or laptops with IPS pleases with large viewingangles, rich color reproduction, although they have a longer response time. As we already noted, you can find anIPS monitor with a short response time, but it will be more expensive than a similar TN. For example, Acer Nitrowith a diagonal of 27 inches, a maximum refresh rate of 144 Hz and a response time of 1 ms will cost from 20,000rubles.

 

IPS matrices have many subspecies, for example: AS-IPS, AFFS, PLS, H-IPS and others. Some are completealternatives from a specific brand. Others focus on contrast, while others focus on color. But almost all (with rareexceptions) combine the above advantages and disadvantages. And based on them, we can conclude that IPS ismore suitable for working with images and watching movies. With a long response time, playing online will not be ascomfortable as with TFT TN.

 

Benefits

Large viewing angles

Excellent color rendering

High brightness

disadvantages

Sometimes long response times

High price

 

VA

It is considered to be a compromise between TN and IPS, both in terms of cost and consumer properties. That is, VA screens are slightly more expensive than TN, but cheaper than IPS. At the same time, VA has better colorrendering and larger viewing angles than TN, but slightly inferior in these parameters to IPS. However, thetechnology is not without unique advantages. For example, such matrices have a high contrast ratio.

 

If you are looking for a VA gaming model, you might want to consider the MSI Optix MAG272QP with a 27 '' screen, 2560x1440 resolution, 1ms response time.

 

VA also has subspecies:

 

Benefits

average price

High contrast

Deep black

disadvantages

Fast response time compared to TN

Poor color rendering compared to IPS

This technology is also divided into subtypes: for example, MVA and PVA. The first is distinguished by increasedviewing angles, and the second is an alternative proposal from Samsung.

 

In general, VA is a universal solution, but we recommend this matrix for gamers who prefer single-player games, inwhich the relevance of the frame is not critical, as in multiplayer projects. If the money issue is not an edge, thenyou can pay extra for IPS with a low response time.

 

OLED

 

The most recent direction, which is based on organic light-emitting diodes. There is no backlight as such: each pixelglows independently. Accordingly, it is easier to achieve perfect black, since it simply requires not turning on certainLEDs. OLED panels provide the best contrast among the competition. But like anything innovative, such solutionsare expensive. And the choice is still quite small, so there is no serious competition yet.

 

Benefits

Best contrast

Instant response

Viewing angles up to 180

disadvantages

Incredibly high price

A small number of offers

Blue LEDs are rated for shorter life than red and green

OLED is classified like other matrices: PMOLED and AMOLED. The first is practically not used, and the second isactively used, including in smartphones. As an alternative, Samsung offers quantum dot-based QLED technology.

Both OLED and QLED monitors are still expensive for many buyers. Actually, like TVs with the same technologies. We hope that in the near future the technology of their production will become more accessible, and then each of uswill be able to enjoy the juicy picture.

Johannes Röll
Johannes Röll

Johannes Röll was born 1978 in Brilon,Germany. Graduated RWTH Aachen University. Over the past ten years he worked as Head of the plastic card team, where he was mainly responsible for the development of the distribution, Head of sales Department and Financial Analyst,where he got experience in planning and support sales figures for branches. For the present he works as freelancer

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